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Case Studies by Joerg Niessing

19 case studies

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Abstract:
At the BMW Group, Gregor Gimmy, a serial entrepreneur and former consultant, introduces the Venture Client (VCL) model to engage with start-ups and boost corporate innovation. The case discusses its initial success at BMW and the rationale that drove Gimmy to establish a new model of external corporate venturing (ECV). It also provides background information on the key forces shaping the auto industry today, the challenges faced by legacy automakers as technological developments accelerate, and the emergence of new rules and new players.

Pedagogical Objectives:
The case can be used for many different audiences and contexts including MBA, executive MBA, undergraduate courses and executive programmes on Competitive Strategy, Innovation Strategy and Process, Digital Disruption, Digital Transformation, Customercentricity, Consumer Behaviour, Smart Ecosystems and Value Creation.

Keywords:
Competitive Strategy, Innovation Strategy, Innovation Process, Digital Disruption, Digital Transformation, Customercentricity, Consumer Behaviour, Smart Ecosystem, Value Creation, Bmw, Automanufacturing, Corporate Venture Capital, Start-Up, External Corporate Venturing

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published: 02 May 2019

  • Topic: Strategy
  • Region: Europe

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Abstract:
At the BMW Group, Gregor Gimmy, a serial entrepreneur and former consultant, introduces the Venture Client (VCL) model to engage with start-ups and boost corporate innovation. The case discusses its initial success at BMW and the rationale that drove Gimmy to establish a new model of external corporate venturing (ECV). It also provides background information on the key forces shaping the auto industry today, the challenges faced by legacy automakers as technological developments accelerate, and the emergence of new rules and new players.

Pedagogical Objectives:
The case can be used for many different audiences and contexts including MBA, executive MBA, undergraduate courses and executive programmes on Competitive Strategy, Innovation Strategy and Process, Digital Disruption, Digital Transformation, Customercentricity, Consumer Behaviour, Smart Ecosystems and Value Creation.

Keywords:
Competitive Strategy, Innovation Strategy, Innovation Process, Digital Disruption, Digital Transformation, Customercentricity, Consumer Behaviour, Smart Ecosystem, Value Creation, Bmw, Automanufacturing, Corporate Venture Capital, Start-Up, External Corporate Venturing

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published: 02 May 2019

  • Topic: Marketing
  • Region: Global

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Abstract:
WeWork has seen a decade of growth with a disruptive new service business model in a rapidly transforming industry: shared office space for start-ups (and increasingly for big companies) thanks to its understanding of workplace trends such as the ‘gig’ economy, the rise of millennials and Generation Z in the workforce, more collaborative office work and tech-enabled mobility of employees. It caters to freelancers and multinationals alike, all members of the ‘co-working’ community, as well as an ecosystem of likeminded entrepreneurs. The case allows discussion of customer-centricity in a B2B service context, and of how companies optimize – digitalize – the customer experiences by leveraging data. WeWork relies on analytics and artificial intelligence (AI) to mine data from its global customer base for insights and deep learning that feed into next-gen office design and usage. Customers perform a job-to-be-done analysis using a means-end ladder to understand how WeWork creates an outstanding customer experience in a competitive, commoditized market. The case offers learning about service blueprinting and customer journey mapping when designing new services and/or improving existing ones. To deliver on its customer promise WeWork integrates the key building blocks of a superior business model, for example, alliances with strategic partners secure unique resources and distinctive competences, achieving cost-effective service excellence. Discussion culminates in future growth avenues following a corporate rebranding and reorganization into three business units under the umbrella “We” brand.

Pedagogical Objectives:
Participants can reflect upon the following: . Disruption and transformation by new business models in a B2B service industry, such as shared office space . Arrive at ‘customer centricity’ by shifting from an inside-out focus (‘We rent office space’) to an outside-in perspective (i.e. ‘Space-as-a-Service’ model) . Turn a ‘data exhaust’ from the customer base into deeper insights and understand the job-to-be-done . Craft value propositions that resonate with different customer segments . Design an outstanding customer experience vs a cookie-cutter experience? (or move “from plain vanilla to wow!”) in a market threatened by commoditization and price competition . Map the critical steps of the customer journey, visualize key customer actions and use service blueprinting to design service processes in such a way that they create a memorable customer experience . Design a service business model around the customer experience to deliver on the customer promise and implement a “service factory” . Leverage acquisitions and strategic alliances to secure unique resources and distinctive competences for better business model execution . Develop the right mindset and culture in an agile, digital world . Instill and maintain an entrepreneurial service-centric startup culture in a organization growing “at warp speed” . The pros and cons of rebranding under the “We” umbrella . What are promising growth avenues for WeWork? . What insights can be applied to customer experiences in other service industries and companies?

Keywords:
Blue Ocean Strategy (bos), Business Model Innovation, Customer Centricity, Customer Experience, Service Design, Service Innovation, Servitization, Customer Insights, Job-To-Be-Done Analysis, Digital Transformation, Artificial Intelligence, Cost-Effective Service Excellence, Umbrella Branding

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Abstract:
The case focuses on AccorHotels’ ambitious digital transformation, aiming to put the customer back at the center of its strategy and operations. Responding to a powerful wave of digital disruptions in the hospitality ecosystem, from the emergence of review websites, online travel agents and active forums to the rise of new competitors such as Airbnb, the transformation entailed: (1) designing and implementing an innovative content marketing strategy (including online content creation or co-creation, curation and dissemination) (2) incorporating e-reputation as a core business objective, and (3) creating and/or adapting organizational structures – from management to operations – to support this new dynamic and maximize value creation. The case starts in Fall 2015, when Olivier Arnoux, SVP Customer Satisfaction at AccorHotels, and his team, are asked to devise an ambitious plan to address the new challenges facing major players in the hotel industry brought about by digital disruptions. It follows the decision-making process step by step, from (1) understanding the nature and impact of online content in the customer journey, to (2) building a strategic plan to integrate online insights into AccorHotels’ core business objectives (in particular the importance of e-reputation), (3) redefining where and how value is created, and creating incentive structures aligned with the new objectives. Participants have multiple opportunities to put themselves in the shoes of the protagonists so as to understand the logic behind the decisions taken. What is novel is the systematic articulation of how digital and social media impact the customer journey, as well as the integration of online content into marketing strategy (i.e., content marketing) and organizational design (i.e., team structure, incentive system), underlining how embracing the digital revolution entails breaking traditional silos between functions such as marketing, strategy, finance and human resources. Detailed information on the consumer, the ecosystem, the firm, marketing and financial indicators is provided. Teaching notes and accompanying PowerPoint presentations suggest appropriate classroom exercises and include supplemental material and databases for group exercises. Videos provide insight on what drove the digital transformation and vividly illustrate its implementation and initial impressive results. They include interviews with Emilie Couton (Vice President Digital Marketing Asia Pacific), a video-recorded session of Olivier Arnoux on the digital transformation at AccorHotels, as well as examples of content created or co-created by AccorHotels.

Pedagogical Objectives:
This case offers a forum to discuss what it means for a company to engage its digital transformation in order to foster customer-centricity. A discussion of the nature and role of online content in shifting consumer behavior in the hoteling industry serves as a basis to explore how companies can create value at different points of the customer journey and what these steps entail. The case also touches on a variety of important strategic, organizational and operational decisions that the company must undertake to fully leverage online content and can be used to address the following broad questions (Specific questions are available in the teaching note): 1) How does online content stemming from digital and social media create value in the hoteling industry? 2) How can a company actively manage online content and implement a content strategy? and 3) What aspects of its organizational design a company need to remodel in order to maximize value creation through digital and social media.

Keywords:
Digital Transformation, Content Marketing, Customer Centricity, Hoteling & Tourism, Social Media Marketing, Customer Journey, Consumer Experiences, Digital Disruptions E-Reputation, Reputation Management, Accorhotels Booking Airbnb, Tripadvisor, Online Reviews, Social Media Listening, Digital Organizational Integration, Corporate Governance, Value Creation, Strategy and Implementation

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published: 21 Feb 2019

  • Topic: Marketing

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Abstract:
This case illustrates the challenges for a non-digital player adjusting to digital disruption in the travel and tourism industry. The rise and fall of Kuoni illustrates the ‘boiling frog’ syndrome – i.e., while threats to its business multiplied, there was no ‘wake up’ moment where managers made decisive changes before it was too late.
More generally, the case considers the challenges of digital disruption: leading transformation and change-management skillsets, and the mindset/culture required to embrace new technology. By identifying what Kuoni did and did not do, students understand what it takes to transform into an agile organisation by leveraging digital trends and technologies.

Pedagogical Objectives:
. Understand the growth opportunities and threats of digitalisation for industries and individual companies
. Compare the merits of the incumbent business model (exemplified by Kuoni) with that of digital disruptors (exemplified by Expedia, TripAdvisor, Booking.com, priceline.com)
. Discuss business model adaptation and strategic partnership opportunities in industries facing digital transformation (from an incumbent’s perspective)
. Analyse the factors and parties (internal and external) in Kuoni’s failure to digitalize - and implications for the students’ own industry
. Understand the importance of leadership and culture in an organization’s transformation
. Hindsight teaches us that by insisting on ‘business as usual’ we may fail to heed catalysts for change

Keywords:
Digital Disruption, Digital Transformation, Business Model Innovation, Digital Strategy, Digital Transformation Failure, Customer Centricity, Marketing Strategy, Leadership in an Agile World, Change Management, Culture Change, Ecosystems, Travel

published: 26 Nov 2018

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Abstract:
In this case study, we are analyzing how one of the biggest international telecommunications providers, Telenor, has used this weakness of financial institutions and has successfully launched the first mobile only bank in Serbia – Telenor Banka. The CEO of Telenor Banka is an INSEAD Alumni and is working with us on this case. The Case is illustrating how companies can create a successful business by enhancing traditional (marketing) strategy frameworks with innovative digital approaches and technologies in new, under-developed markets. Telenor has revolutionised the entire customer experience across the most important touchpoints by leveraging digital trends like big data analytics, artificial intelligence, augmented reality or community building through social media marketing. More specifically, the case discusses topics like digital marketing, digital disruption, customer experience strategies, customer segmentation, omni-channel strategies, and brand positioning & architecture strategies. The case also illustrates how digital practices foster business-model innovation that may not only change the competitive landscape but represent a ‘quantum leap’. Finally, the case discusses key enablers that organisations have to put in place to make a digital transformation work: the success of Telenor Bank Serbia was also driven by organisational change, leadership skills, the right vision and new management approaches like design thinking and lean management.

Pedagogical Objectives:
This case will touch upon a variety of important strategic decisions when it comes to marketing & branding in the digital world: . Marketing planning for new product & services in a digital world; . Understand digital trends that are disrupting financial services . Leverage digital trends to generate new or optimize existing products, brands, and content . Understand today's customers and their evolving needs and expectations . Understand why digital should be the default approach to customer engagement and not just a bolt-on . Understand the new rules of competition . Leveraging digital trends to optimize customer experiences; . Brand identity and positioning in a digital world. . Leveraging communities and content to build strong brands in a digital world . Understand key enablers that allow for a digital transformation . Transforming the organization itself is tougher than mastering the technology . Understand the importance of a flexible, agile and collaborative organization

Keywords:
Digital Transformation, Digital Disruption, Digital Marketing, Banking, Mobile Banking, Customer Centricity, Customer Experience, Digital Innovation, Brand Extension, Brand Dilution, Omni-Channel

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Abstract:
The case focuses on AccorHotels’ ambitious digital transformation, aiming to put the customer back at the center of its strategy and operations. Responding to a powerful wave of digital disruptions in the hospitality ecosystem, from the emergence of review websites, online travel agents and active forums to the rise of new competitors such as Airbnb, the transformation entailed: (1) designing and implementing an innovative content marketing strategy (including online content creation or co-creation, curation and dissemination) (2) incorporating e-reputation as a core business objective, and (3) creating and/or adapting organizational structures – from management to operations – to support this new dynamic and maximize value creation. The case starts in Fall 2015, when Olivier Arnoux, SVP Customer Satisfaction at AccorHotels, and his team, are asked to devise an ambitious plan to address the new challenges facing major players in the hotel industry brought about by digital disruptions. It follows the decision-making process step by step, from (1) understanding the nature and impact of online content in the customer journey, to (2) building a strategic plan to integrate online insights into AccorHotels’ core business objectives (in particular the importance of e-reputation), (3) redefining where and how value is created, and creating incentive structures aligned with the new objectives. Participants have multiple opportunities to put themselves in the shoes of the protagonists so as to understand the logic behind the decisions taken. What is novel is the systematic articulation of how digital and social media impact the customer journey, as well as the integration of online content into marketing strategy (i.e., content marketing) and organizational design (i.e., team structure, incentive system), underlining how embracing the digital revolution entails breaking traditional silos between functions such as marketing, strategy, finance and human resources. Detailed information on the consumer, the ecosystem, the firm, marketing and financial indicators is provided. Teaching notes and accompanying PowerPoint presentations suggest appropriate classroom exercises and include supplemental material and databases for group exercises. Videos provide insight on what drove the digital transformation and vividly illustrate its implementation and initial impressive results. They include interviews with Emilie Couton (Vice President Digital Marketing Asia Pacific), a video-recorded session of Olivier Arnoux on the digital transformation at AccorHotels, as well as examples of content created or co-created by AccorHotels.

Pedagogical Objectives:
This case offers a forum to discuss what it means for a company to engage its digital transformation in order to foster customer-centricity. A discussion of the nature and role of online content in shifting consumer behavior in the hoteling industry serves as a basis to explore how companies can create value at different points of the customer journey and what these steps entail. The case also touches on a variety of important strategic, organizational and operational decisions that the company must undertake to fully leverage online content and can be used to address the following broad questions (Specific questions are available in the teaching note): 1) How does online content stemming from digital and social media create value in the hoteling industry? 2) How can a company actively manage online content and implement a content strategy? and 3) What aspects of its organizational design a company need to remodel in order to maximize value creation through digital and social media.

Keywords:
Digital Transformation, Content Marketing, Customer Centricity, Hoteling & Tourism, Social Media Marketing, Customer Journey, Consumer Experiences, Digital Disruptions E-Reputation, Reputation Management, Accorhotels Booking Airbnb, Tripadvisor, Online Reviews, Social Media Listening, Digital Organizational Integration, Corporate Governance, Value Creation, Strategy and Implementation

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Abstract:
In 2017, the Financial Times ranked INSEAD’s MBA programme #1 in the world for the second year in a row. The Dean of INSEAD, Ilian Mihov, commissioned a large-scale study to understand the shool’s brand equity compared to its peers. The goal is to optimize INSEAD’s positioning, value proposition and communication, to attract the best MBA students. Case A asks students to develop a survey that will measure the strengths and weaknesses of the INSEAD brand compared to its key competitors. They must select the performance measures, relevant competitors and the relevant sample. Case B provides results from a survey of 4,000 GMAT-takers who rated 18 business schools. Students analyze the data to measure the strength of the INSEAD brand and its image compared with its competitors. To optimize the school’s positioning, students must identify the most important attributes used when choosing an MBA programme.
Please visit the dedicated case website to access supplementary material.

Pedagogical Objectives:
This case can be used for many different audiences and contexts. It can be used for discussion in MBA, undergraduate, or executive education courses focusing on branding, brand metrics, marketing research, customer intelligence, data analytics, customer centricity, general marketing strategy, communication and social media strategy, consumer behavior, and international marketing.

Keywords:
Business Schools, Strategic Market Intelligence, Brand Management, Brand Equity Analysis, Brand Metrics, Marketing Research, Data Analytics, Multivariate Analyses, Research Design, Insead, Mba Programme

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published: 04 May 2018

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Abstract:
The case describes how Spanish entrepreneurs Daniel González de Vega and Javier Arroyo founded Smartick with the aim of tackling the poor level of math education in their native Spain. Smartick is a self-financed enterprise that combines social impact with profitability. The two entrepreneurs are up against stiff competition, notably from the education giant Khan Academy, who not only has major financial backing but also offers its service free of charge. After two years of developing and testing a mix of the leading offline methods and state-of-the-art web-based technologies, Smartick is ready to make a big push into the after-school math learning space. Javier and Daniel are mulling over three options for their long-term marketing strategy. They are looking to segment the market and find the right segment to implement the strong brand positioning necessary to impact Spain’s math education culture and society. The three options are to focus on B2B through schools, a combination of B2B and B2C, and a B2C-only approach. They must also decide on a pricing model and a communication strategy.

Pedagogical Objectives:
After the case discussion, students should be able to: - understand the value of a differentiated product, even in the presence of a popular free alternative, - apply a segmentation-targeting-positioning approach to online education specifically, and to any other market or category, - recommend a pricing strategy to match the overall strategy of the company.

Keywords:
Edtech, Online Education, Branding, Marketing, Social Impact, Pricing Models, E-Learning, Entrepreneurship, Segmentation, Targeting, Brand Positioning, Software-As-Service, Brand Identity, Customer Centricity

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published: 04 May 2018

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Abstract:
In 2017, the Financial Times ranked INSEAD’s MBA programme #1 in the world for the second year in a row. The Dean of INSEAD, Ilian Mihov, commissioned a large-scale study to understand the shool’s brand equity compared to its peers. The goal is to optimize INSEAD’s positioning, value proposition and communication, to attract the best MBA students. Case A asks students to develop a survey that will measure the strengths and weaknesses of the INSEAD brand compared to its key competitors. They must select the performance measures, relevant competitors and the relevant sample. Case B provides results from a survey of 4,000 GMAT-takers who rated 18 business schools. Students analyze the data to measure the strength of the INSEAD brand and its image compared with its competitors. To optimize the school’s positioning, students must identify the most important attributes used when choosing an MBA programme.
Please visit the dedicated case website to access supplementary material.

Pedagogical Objectives:
This case can be used for many different audiences and contexts. It can be used for discussion in MBA, undergraduate, or executive education courses focusing on branding, brand metrics, marketing research, customer intelligence, data analytics, customer centricity, general marketing strategy, communication and social media strategy, consumer behavior, and international marketing.

Keywords:
Business Schools, Strategic Market Intelligence, Brand Management, Brand Equity Analysis, Brand Metrics, Marketing Research, Data Analytics, Multivariate Analyses, Research Design, Insead, Mba Programme

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